Persian carpets are a masterpiece of design that has been nurtured for centuries and dating back to olden days.
The Persian carpet is an art that dates back over 2500 years to the Iranian carpet weaver. Throughout the centuries like building blocks the talents of the past have grown and developed into the modern Persian rugs of today. For the past 2500 years Persian rugs have evolved from many different countries but the Iranian specimens are still quite possibly the most superior of all Persian rugs ever created. Perhaps that is because to the Iranian a Persian carpet is more than simply a rug. An Iranian home with no Persian rug which is considered a work of art, is regarded as without soul and without heart.
When you stick to the cultural growth of one of the greatest civilizations of the world you follow the history of the Persian carpets. What began as a simple act of need to protect a tribesmen from the cold grew in beauty and demand to an item desired by kings and nobleman soon to become a sign of wealth. The Iranian people invest all of their wealth in Persian carpets like we invest in stocks. In fact Persian rugs are often labeled as Iranian stocks. Tehran bazaar has underground storage which is used by businessmen to store their prize Persian rugs while their investments go up in worth.
For hundreds of years the Persian rug has been acknowledged because of its artistic beauty and for centuries they have been preferred around the world to be displayed in museums, the homes of the wealthy, and in palaces. The original Persian rug was not the luxurious masterpiece of design it is so known for today. Instead its origins are humble. The Persian rug was a requirement created by tribal women to keep the members of the tribe warm during the very cold winters.
But items of requirement can still be created with beauty. Even the original rugs were made out of interesting designs and bright colors.. These brightly decorated rugs also embellished the tent floors bringing a sense of cheer and happiness to the home. The carpets were also a form of writing used by tribesmen to convey their joys, their dreams, and their desires. As time passes these rugs also became the prayer mat for Muslims.
The skill of making Persian rugs was passed down through the generations with family secrets in style and design being closely guarded. Making a carpet in the past was truly a labor of love that could take months, even years to complete. As time passed rug workshops evolved which would entail a number of people working on one carpet. Chants were used to tell the weavers what color of wool would be used. The moment the tribe moved on the loom was carefully disassembled and the rug carefully packed to move onto the new destination where the work would continue.
The colors in the carpets were always radiant and bright and the designs were complex. Natural dyes were created using insects, barks, roots, and plants. The wool was washed and dried under the heat of the sun, then it was spun, and died. The Persian art lived on through changing cultures, times, and designs. Over time the requirements for the carpets continued to grow and the export industry blossomed. Carpet weavers were at the very top group that had a craft not shared by many others.
In the 16th century the Iran Carpet Company and school of design had been developed in Tehran. Its purpose was to bring back the art form to its original quality and to rebuild the integrity of the Persian rug.
Today Iran continues to manufacture Persian carpets. In fact they produce more carpets than the entire remaining portion of the world combined. That is quite extraordinary.
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